The Ohio Aerospace Institute (OAI) was founded as a non-profit in 1989. It's mission is to enhance their partners’ aerospace competitiveness through research and technology development, workforce preparedness, and engagement with global networks for innovation and advocacy. Today, OAI has approximately 80 employees and over $16M in annual revenue.

OAI is a joint initiative of the NASA Glenn Research Center, the Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, the State of Ohio, ten Ohio public and private universities granting doctoral degrees in aerospace-related engineering disciplines, and numerous companies engaged in aerospace activities.